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Cyberpedia Topics "O"

Online security

Online security refers to the practice of protecting devices, networks, and sensitive information from unauthorized access, theft, or damage...The term is also known as cybersecurity or internet security and cover a wide range...   Read More

Obfuscation Techniques

Obfuscation techniques, in cybersecurity, are used to hide the true nature and purpose of code or data from being easily detected by security professionals and automatic antivirus systems. These techniques aim to make security...   Read More

Online Fraud

Online fraud refers to all types of online scams or illegal activities involving deception and deception for personal gain. It uses electronic communication technology like the internet, email, or social media manipulates victims...   Read More

Open Authorization (OAuth)

With an increase in the use of cloud services, mobile devices, and third-party applications, securing sensitive data has become more challenging. One solution to this security challenge is the implementation of open authorization...   Read More

Out-of-Band Authentication

Out-of-band authentication, in cybersecurity, refers to a method of strengthening authentication and access control by using an alternative communication path to verify a user's identity. This authentication method uses a...   Read More

Online Backup

Where reliance on technology is critical, cybersecurity and data protection play an essential role in any successful business. Data is one of the most valuable assets a company possesses, and with the vast amount of data...   Read More

On-access scanning

In today’s age of ever-expanding technology, cybersecurity has become increasingly more important. Cybersecurity encompasses strategies, technologies, and practices designed to protect devices, infrastructure,...   Read More

Online shield

In today's technologically advanced world, cybersecurity plays a crucial part in protecting our personal information and data from malicious actors. One tool that has risen in popularity for protecting against cyber threats is...   Read More


Obfuscation is a technique used to deliberately obscure, confuse or disguise information. it is commonly used to create or modify malware in order to bypass traditional antivirus systems. While some types of obfuscation are...   Read More

Online Privacy

Online privacy refers to an individual’s right to protect their personal information amidst their online activities and interactions. It relates to the measures one takes to safeguard information about themselves from being...   Read More

Online Safety

Technology has become an inseparable part of our lives. We use various digital devices, such as smartphones, laptops, and desktop computers, to communicate with each other, conduct our business, and shop online. with the...   Read More

Online Threats

In today's digital era, the number of online threats has significantly increased as technology advances. In the past, people only needed to worry about physical security threats such as theft, vandalism, and burglary. with the...   Read More

Online Banking Protection

In today's increasingly digital world, online banking has become an essential part of our daily lives. with the increased use of online banking comes an increased risk of cybersecurity threats. It's vital to take security...   Read More

Original Software

Original software refers to software that has been developed, created or produced, without any unauthorized modifications. This kind of software is often referred to as genuine software, legitimate software or authentic software....   Read More

Output Feedback Mode (OFB)

Output Feedback Mode (OFB) is a type of block cipher encryption mode that is specially designed for providing enhanced cybersecurity. OFB is one of the widely used encryption modes in the antivirus software domain, part of the...   Read More

Operating system security

Operating system security is a branch of cybersecurity concerned with protecting the core components and processes of an operating system (OS) from unauthorized access, modifications, or other malicious activities that could...   Read More

Online learning

Online Learning: The Changing Landscape of Education and the Role of Cybersecurity and Antivirus..The explosion of the internet and the advances in technology have brought about a profound change in the educational landscape....   Read More

Other Keywords

What is "Other Keywords" in Cybersecurity and Antivirus?..As technology continues to advance, cyber threats also continue to evolve and become more sophisticated. To combat these threats, antivirus and cybersecurity software...   Read More


A new attack tool has been making waves in recent years: OilRig. OilRig is a sophisticated and highly specialized type of malware that has been used in targeted attacks against government organizations, private businesses and...   Read More

Online Banking Scams

With the advancement of technology, online banking has become increasingly popular, offering convenience to millions of people worldwide to manage finances with just a few clicks of a button – without even having to leave their...   Read More


OCSP stands for Online Certificate Status Protocol, and it is a technology used in cybersecurity to verify the current status of digital certificates. A digital certificate is used to confirm the authenticity of a website or an...   Read More


OAuth, or Open Authorization, is an authentication protocol that enables users to provide access to their data, profiles, or content to third-party applications without sharing their account credentials or login information. In...   Read More

OpenID Connect

Identity management has become a major concern for businesses. With the rise of online platforms and services, it's now more important than ever to ensure that users are who they claim to be and that their personal information is...   Read More

Online Certificate Status Protocol

Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is a communication protocol for checking the validity of digital certificates being transmitted over the Internet. While digital certificates are widely used for secure transactions and...   Read More

Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)

The Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is a vital component of modern cybersecurity infrastructure. OCSP is a protocol used to verify the current status of a digital certificate issued by a Certificate Authority (CA). It...   Read More

One-time pad

One-time pad encryption, also known as the Vernam Cipher, is an unassailable form of encryption that has been relied upon for sensitive communications since its inception. It is used to secure messages, protect confidential...   Read More

Online banking security

Online banking has become a popular, convenient and efficient way to handle money. As the steady shift towards technology continues to occur, online banking continues to see a rapid growth in usage rate every year. It has...   Read More


Offloading refers to a process that is used in cybersecurity and antivirus systems to manage and reduce computational resource requirements. It involves transferring certain processing tasks from a device's central processing...   Read More

Online Identity Theft

Online identity theft is a growing concern in the cybersecurity landscape. In simple terms, it refers to fraudulent activities involving the theft of personal or financial information of a person to perpetrate identity theft. The...   Read More

Online Scams

We live in an age where digital communication is considered the norm. With the advent of the Internet, conducting our daily affairs from banking to shopping has become easy as never before, making the need for digital security...   Read More

Outbound email filtering

Outbound email filtering refers to the process of scrutinizing emails that are sent by the employees of an organization. These emails are checked for any potentially harmful content, malware, or inappropriate language that could...   Read More

OpenShift Security

OpenShift Security: Protecting Containers from Cybersecurity Threats..As more companies move toward cloud-based solutions, securing these environments becomes critical in protecting data integrity and curbing the potential for...   Read More

Online Reputation Management

Online Reputation Management (ORM) refers to the practice of monitoring, identifying, and influencing what is being said about a company, product, or individual on the internet. With the ever-increasing public reliance on online...   Read More

Organization Validated (OV) Certificate

The threat of cyber attacks is increasing day by day, and people are becoming more and more aware of the security risks they face while they browse the internet. Certificates play an essential role in online security because they...   Read More

Online Protection

Online protection within the context of cybersecurity and antivirus refers to the systematic measures deployed to safeguard a computing system, network, or electronic device from malicious attacks that may negatively impact its...   Read More

OAuth 2.0

OAuth 2.0, an Authorization framework, enables third-party application access to a user's data hosted by an online resource. It is widely used in publicly available network services that require a user’s internet identity data...   Read More

One-time password

Cybersecurity poses as a constant challenge not only for IT systems within individual companies but also for individual users. The emergence of technological development has improved businesses and enhanced...   Read More

Off-by-one error

Off-by-one error has been a common programming mistake that many software developers make, resulting in catastrophic consequences that cybercriminals can take advantage of to cause chaos or exploit vulnerabilities in antivirus...   Read More

Online harassment

In the current digital era, extensive access to the internet, mobile devices, and various social media platforms has made communication more comfortable and easier than ever before. it has also resulted in severe day-to-day...   Read More

Offline backup

When it comes to the world of cybersecurity and antivirus software, one of the most essential concepts to keep in mind is the importance of backups. Backing up your data, in essence, means creating a duplicate of your data and...   Read More


OpenID is an online authentication protocol that allows users to authenticate themselves to a website without the need to create separate login credentials, such as usernames and passwords, for each individually visited site....   Read More

Opera vulnerabilities

Opera is a freeware web browser developed by Opera Software. The browser is available on a variety of platforms, including Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. Opera is designed for a user-friendly interface with many advanced...   Read More


Where the world is constantly moving towards increased digitization and the reliance on technology grows by the day, cybersecurity has become more critical than ever before. Businesses, governments, organizations, and consumers,...   Read More

Online Surveillance

Online Surveillance: The Importance of Cybersecurity and Antivirus..the internet has become a crucial part of many individuals and organizations. Many people use the internet for various purposes, such as communication,...   Read More

Outbound Traffic Control

Outbound traffic control is a cybersecurity practice that involves monitoring and controlling the flow of data between a network and external systems. It is an integral part of the defense in depth security...   Read More


OpenSSH, which stands for Open Secure Shell, is a free, open-source software that provides secure encrypted communication over a network, most commonly between a client and a remote server. The OpenSSH protocol serves as a...   Read More

On-demand Scanning

On-demand scanning is one of the most commonly employed techniques in modern security protocols. It is performed with the help of antivirus software, which uses its scanning engine to detect and mitigate malware, Trojan horses,...   Read More

Open ID Connect

OpenID Connect (OIDC) is an authentication protocol that allows web applications to authenticate users using a central authorization server. OIDC plays an increasingly important role in securing users’ identities and sensitive...   Read More

Offline Access

In today’s digital world, most people use the internet for various purposes, from online shopping to online banking, from personal to business communication. there are instances where internet access might not...   Read More

Operating System Updates

An operating system (OS) update is an essential software process that serves to enhance and improve the functionality, performance, and security of a computer's operating system. It is a periodically released software update that...   Read More

Online Banking PIN

In the present day and age, with technology permeating every aspect of our lives, online banking is increasingly becoming a popular way for people to manage their finances. From sending money to checking account balances, online...   Read More

Open Ports

The digital world is constantly evolving as new technologies emerge, and with this advancement, it brings about the issue of cybersecurity. Open ports in cybersecurity are one of these issues. Open ports refer to...   Read More

Operating System detection

An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. It provides an interface between hardware and the user and is essential for the...   Read More

Operating System

An operating system (OS) is a software program that manages a computer's hardware and system resources, and provides services and tools for the user. The OS allows the user to interact with the computer and execute programs...   Read More

Online shopping safety

Online shopping has become extremely popular in recent years, where people purchase goods and services over the internet with just a few clicks. It's a convenient way of buying, as you can shop from the comfort of your home, not...   Read More

Opal Standards

As cybersecurity becomes an increasingly important aspect of our digital lives, antivirus and cybersecurity tools have become ubiquitous. One aspect of antivirus and cybersecurity that is often overlooked, however, is the idea of...   Read More


The threat of cybercrime and hacking has become an ever-present concern for individuals and businesses alike. Cybersecurity has become a critical aspect in the operations of any entity online. One of the best ways to ensure safe...   Read More

Online Payment

Online payment is a transaction that takes place over the internet between a seller and a buyer, which involves the transfer of funds from a buyer's account to a seller's account. The rise of online payment provides consumers...   Read More

Outbreak Prevention

Outbreak prevention in the context of cybersecurity and antivirus refers to the measures taken to prevent an outbreak of a virus or malware from spreading within a system or network. With the increasing reliance on digital...   Read More

One-Time Passwords

One-Time Passwords (OTP) are increasingly becoming a popular and efficient way to enhance cybersecurity. It is a security feature that adds an extra layer of protection when attempting to access certain services or sites...   Read More

Online privacy policy review

As our lives become more and more digital, privacy concerns have become increasingly important. With personal and sensitive information being uploaded and stored online, it has become important for online companies and websites...   Read More

Online Hard Drive

One technology that has emerged to the forefront of data protection is the "Online Hard Drive". An Online Hard Drive, also known as remote storage or cloud storage, is a digital storage facility available on the internet that...   Read More

Offsite backup

Offsite backup is known as an essential technique of data protection. Generally, it is defined as storage of data as a backup on any remote server and focuses on the creation of replicate data in a separate location. The backup...   Read More

Offline Antivirus Scanner

When it comes to cybersecurity, antivirus software is an essential component that can provide protection against various online threats such as viruses, malware, spyware, and other malicious programs. Many people, particularly...   Read More

Online Control

Cybersecurity is becoming more important day by day. Online security has become a growing concern, in which the primary method to secure data and systems while using the internet is antivirus software. To ensure...   Read More

Obsolete Software

One term that you may hear frequently is “obsolete software”. But what exactly does this term mean and why is it so important to the safety of your computer and network?..Simply put, obsolete software refers to software...   Read More

Offline Threats

Cybersecurity has become an essential aspect for organizations and individuals. With the advancement of technology, cybercriminals are also becoming sophisticated by adopting new methods to breach security systems. One such...   Read More


Optimization is the process of improving a system or process to operate more efficiently and effectively. optimization has become increasingly important to ensure protection against various security threats. In this article, we...   Read More

Online account management

Online account management refers to the use of digital platforms to manage your personal or business accounts. It includes setting up and securing your accounts, monitoring and tracking your activities, and ensuring that your...   Read More

Online Scanning

Online scanning is a term used to describe the process of scanning a computer or network for potential threats, viruses, malware, and other malicious software through a web-based platform. Considered to be an essential tool in...   Read More

Online Phishing Attacks

Online phishing attacks are one of the most prevalent types of cyber attacks that can seriously compromise the security of internet users. Phishing attacks have existed since the early days of the internet and have evolved into...   Read More

Online Threats Blocker

In today’s digital age, online threats are ever-increasing and can jeopardize your personal and business data. The constant rise of cyberattacks has necessitated the use of efficient tools to protect ourselves and our systems...   Read More

Online activation

Online activation is the process of validating a software license or subscription through an internet connection. The purpose of online activation is to ensure that a user's license or subscription is genuine and legitimate,...   Read More

Outdated security software

The recent increase in cyberattacks on businesses and organizations has unveiled a fundamental weakness in the way users and administrators approach cybersecurity. One of the essential pillars of cybersecurity is the effective...   Read More

Open Relay

The term "open relay" is quite common in the world of cybersecurity and email protocols. It refers to the type of server configuration that allows unauthorized third parties to use the email server to send messages which might...   Read More


Offices are critical spaces where individuals and teams undertake numerous essential tasks to aid the growth and development of businesses. These spaces are where businesses meet clients, check and send out mails and packages,...   Read More


"Opt-out" refers to the practice of allowing users to choose whether they want to participate in certain data collection or software update services, rather than automatically enrolling them by default...In many cases, opting...   Read More

Obfuscate Control Flow

Obfuscate Control Flow is a technique used in cybersecurity to make the analysis of malicious software more difficult for antivirus programs. It is a process where control flow statements in computer code are modified in order to...   Read More

One-time password (OTP)

In contemporary times, cyber crimes are incredibly common and can pose serious threats to individuals, organizations and governments. Among the broad range of methods to steal personal data and money, identity theft and phishing...   Read More

Online scanner

The increasing use of the internet has made storing and sharing data online an integral part of daily life. this rise in cyber activity also exposed users to an elevated level of cyber threats such as spyware,...   Read More

On-going maintenance

On-going Maintenance in Cybersecurity and Antivirus..On-going maintenance is a crucial aspect of cybersecurity and antivirus protection. It refers to the continuous process of keeping software and hardware up to date with the...   Read More

Opt-in/out preference

Opt-in/out preference involves giving users the choice to either opt-in or opt-out of certain features or actions provided by software applications. In the context of cybersecurity and antivirus software, these preferences can...   Read More

Onsite backup

It is extremely important to maintain regular backups of all your data. This is because there can be fatal losses of data due to malware attacks or data corruption. Onsite backup is a method of data backup where the backed-up...   Read More

Online Harassment Prevention

Online harassment has become a prevalent issue in today's digital age, and it involves irksome acts conducted over the internet, upsetting tone or behavior targeting individuals or groups. Cyberbullies, vicious internet trolls,...   Read More

Onion Sites

"Onion Sites" have been a topic of interest for both cybersecurity experts and hackers alike. Onion sites, also known as Tor hidden services, are websites that are hosted through the Tor network and can only be accessed with the...   Read More

Outbound filtering

Outbound filtering refers to the prevention of unauthorized access to a network by restricting the outbound traffic generated by devices and applications residing within the network. It is a cybersecurity measure that is widely...   Read More

Online Identity Management

As our daily lives become increasingly dependent on the internet, the importance of online security and privacy has never been more crucial. With a digital footprint that encompasses everything from social media profiles and job...   Read More

Online Tracking

The prevalence of online tracking has become a pressing issue in terms of cybersecurity and antivirus measures. Online tracking refers to the practice of collecting and storing information about an individual's online behavior,...   Read More


Outbreaks in cybersecurity refer to the sudden emergence of malicious programs and attacks that spread rapidly across computer networks. Traditionally, the term “outbreak” was first used in the medical field, which refers to...   Read More

Operating system update

An operating system update or OS update is an upgrade or newer version of an existing OS released by the vendor. It can include critical security patches, bug fixes and new features to improve performance and...   Read More

OpenPGP standard

OpenPGP (Pretty Good Privacy) is a security encryption protocol designed to secure files, documents and emails. The protocol provides a secure and reliable way of encrypting electronic data with a unique cryptography method. This...   Read More

Online Transactions

Online transactions refer to a form of commerce that happens entirely through the internet. This type of transaction can simply be purchasing a product online through an e-commerce platform like Amazon or eBay—or something more...   Read More


Organized is a term used to describe an entity that is well-coordinated, systematic and structured. being organized is crucial for effectively protecting the digital systems and data from malicious attacks, viruses and other...   Read More


One-time passwords (OTP) have quickly become one of the most important considerations in modern cybersecurity and antivirus strategies. They are essentially a form of two-factor authentication (2FA) that can radically enhance...   Read More

Operating System Compatibility

"Operating System Compatibility" refers to the ability of antivirus software to operate on specific operating systems, such as Windows, MacOS, and Linux. It is an essential feature of any antivirus software as it determines the...   Read More


OpenVPN is an open-source virtual private network (VPN) application that provides a secure and private connection through the internet. It encrypts the data transmitted over the network to protect user privacy and sensitive...   Read More

Operating system support

Operating system support refers to the ability of a security solution to function effectively and efficiently on a particular operating system. Put simply, it is the extent to which a security software vendor invests in the...   Read More

Online help

Online help is a crucial element in the cybersecurity field, especially when it comes to protecting against viruses and malware. where online security threats continue to become more sophisticated and complex, online help is...   Read More

Online Safety Tips

Online Safety Tips: Understanding Cybersecurity and Antivirus..The digital era has brought with it tremendous advances that have revolutionized the way we live, work, and communicate. The internet, in particular, has...   Read More

Online identity protection

Online identity protection is the process of safeguarding an individual's personal data and information from unauthorized access or theft, while accessing the internet. With the increasing use of digital devices and internet...   Read More

Online Shopping

Online shopping has become an integral part of modern-day consumerism. With the advancements in technology, e-commerce offers convenience, flexibility, and a wide variety of products across multiple platforms to meet the diverse...   Read More

Optimization tools

Optimization tools refer to a set of software applications or tools designed to improve the performance and functionality of computer systems. These tools can help optimize various aspects of a computer, including memory usage,...   Read More

Optimized performance

Optimized Performance in Cybersecurity and Antivirus..optimized performance refers to the ability of systems and software to function efficiently and effectively in detecting and mitigating threats while maintaining checks and...   Read More

Online privacy protection

Online Privacy Protection: The Role of Cybersecurity and Antivirus ..In today’s digital era, personal information is more susceptible to surveillance and exploitation than ever before, making online privacy protection an...   Read More

Online Fraud Protection

In today’s digital age, our sensitive personal information is spread across a wide range of online platforms, including social media, e-mail, banking, and shopping channels. With the ease of transactions offered by the...   Read More

Of Microphone Usage

The use of microphones in cybersecurity may not seem like an obvious connection, but it is an important one. cyber attackers have become more sophisticated in their methods to gain access to sensitive information. One of these...   Read More

Online Support Center

An Online Support Center is an integral hub that offers a wide spectrum of support services to both individual and official entities concerning system security applications and solutions. It serves as a go-to resource for...   Read More

Online Banking

In the modern era, technology has revolutionized various aspects of our lives, and the banking industry has been no exception. The usage of the internet for banking or online banking has become pretty common in contemporary...   Read More

Open port detection

Open port detection is a term used in the field of cybersecurity to refer to the identification of unprotected 'open ports' in a network or system. A port, in this context, is a virtual communication channel through which a...   Read More

Online shopping security

Online shopping security is an online protection software that is specifically designed to safeguard users against cyber threats while shopping online. The concept of online shopping has grown rapidly, thanks to the phenomenal...   Read More

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