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Cyberpedia Topics "L"

Logic bombs

there is a growing dependence on technology both by individuals and businesses. there is also a growing threat of cyber attacks. Cybersecurity has become an essential part of safeguarding personal and sensitive...   Read More

Logic bomb

The term logic bomb is commonly used in the field of cybersecurity to refer to software devices that have been programmed to cause damage to a computer system at a specific point in time, or in response to a particular event or...   Read More

Log management

An essential aspect of security operations is managing logs. This involves collecting, analyzing, and storing log data from various sources within an organization's IT environment. Logs are valuable sources of information that...   Read More

Link Scanner

In today's world of advancing technology, cybersecurity and antivirus programs play an increasingly critical role in ensuring the protected and secure access of computer systems and networks. One crucial component of these...   Read More

License Key

A license key, also known as a product key or activation code, is a unique code that is required to activate, unlock or register a software program. The license key acts as proof of ownership and authorizes the user to access all...   Read More

Legal Software

As our society continues to rely more on technology, cybersecurity becomes more important than ever. As a result, there is an increasing need for software that can protect individuals and organizations from cyber threats such as...   Read More

Legitimate software

As the use of computers and other technological devices has become increasingly widespread, so too has the risk for cybersecurity threats. Hackers and other malicious actors are constantly seeking to exploit...   Read More

Linux rootkit

As technology advances, so do malicious intents of cyber criminals. Over time, the cybersecurity community has discovered various types of attacks and countermeasures. The topic we explore in this text is Linux rootkits that can...   Read More

Log Analysis

Log analysis is an essential aspect of cybersecurity and antivirus. It involves examining the log data of systems and networks to identify any anomalies or patterns that could indicate unauthorized access, data breaches or other...   Read More


"Locker" refers to a type of malware that is designed to lock users out of their own devices and then demand a ransom payment in exchange for returning access to the locked files. Over the years, this type of ransomware has...   Read More

Locky ransomware

Locky Ransomware – An In-Depth Look into One of the Most Malicious Threats in Cybersecurity and Effective Antivirus Strategies to Prevent its Harm..The growth of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and the...   Read More

Let's Encrypt

In today’s era, cybersecurity is vitally important. Every individual, business and government organisation must take necessary measures to protect their data from threats such as hackers, viruses, and other harmful entities....   Read More

Lucky13 Attack

there is a dangerous SSL/TLS vulnerability named Lucky13. Lucky13 is a cryptographic flaw in SSL/TLS, the foundation of secure online transactions. This vulnerability leaves web apps and systems that use TLS in...   Read More

Logjam Attack

One of the biggest threats is a logjam attack. Logjam is a type of attack that targets the secure communication channel established between two devices. Typically, this communication is done over a secure connection implemented...   Read More

Location tracking

Location tracking is an aspect of cybersecurity that refers to the process of collecting and monitoring location data of devices or individuals over a period of time. In the present age, the usage of mobile devices and...   Read More

Log monitoring

Log monitoring is an essential component of cybersecurity as it enables organizations to monitor and analyze system and network logs for detecting anomalies, identifying unauthorized access attempts, and mitigating security...   Read More

Locky virus

Locky virus is a type of malware that is used to encrypt files on a computer's hard drive and then hold those files hostage. It's also known as ransomware. The Locky virus encrypts the files on a computer using advanced...   Read More

Login Credentials

In today’s digital world, cybersecurity has become an essential aspect of our lives. With the increasing use of online platforms and services, it has become vital to protect our data from cyberattacks and cybercriminals. One of...   Read More


There has been a rapid rise in the number and frequency of cyber attacks. Cybercriminals have become bolder and more sophisticated in their methods. One such malware that has caused significant damage to many companies worldwide...   Read More

Local Backup

In today’s era, cybersecurity has become more crucial than ever. Businesses confront various threats to the security of their databases daily. Local backup is one of the essential elements of cybersecurity and antivirus...   Read More


LDAP or "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol" is a highly recognized open standard protocol, often used to access and organize directory servers like Microsoft Active Directory (AD) or Novell eDirectory. This technology seems...   Read More

Lost Data

Data is one of the key components of our daily lives. From personal documents to financial records, photos, videos, and other important files, we rely on data to conduct business, communicate, stay informed about the world around...   Read More


A "log" refers to a recorded event or activity that has taken place within an operating system, application, or network. This can include user activities, system changes, network traffic and communication, errors, security...   Read More

Location-based Filtering

Location-based filtering is a cybersecurity concept that, in short, enables the use of geolocation data to improve protection against online threats such as viruses and malware. By implementing location-based filters, companies...   Read More

Log collection

In modern cybersecurity practices and antivirus software, log collection plays an essential role in threat detection and incident response. In simple terms, log collection refers to the process of gathering and storing a large...   Read More

Log retention

Log retention is the practice of preserving logs or records that contain essential information related to an organization's information technology systems and security posture. log retention plays a crucial role in detecting and...   Read More

Log parsing

Log parsing is a process of extracting and analyzing data contained within log files generated by devices or applications on a computing system. The log files are generated by various events on the system, including system...   Read More

Log storage

Log storage refers to the process of retaining log files generated by various operating systems, applications, network devices, and security products across an enterprise network. These log files contain valuable information...   Read More

Log aggregation

Log aggregation refers to the act of collecting all activity logs from various devices and systems in an organization and combining them into a central repository for easy analysis, monitoring, and management. log aggregation...   Read More

Log correlation

Log correlation is a process that refers to the practice of collecting different log files generated by different sources, combining them, and then analyzing them to find meaningful relationships. It is a process that...   Read More


Locks in cybersecurity and antivirus refer to mechanisms and solutions that are employed to secure user devices, systems, and sensitive information. The word "locks" refers to the practices, tools, and strategies that are used to...   Read More

Lateral Movement

Lateral movement, in the context of cybersecurity and antivirus, refers to the technique used by attackers to infiltrate a network or system and navigate from one system or resource to another without being detected by security...   Read More

Lost Device Recovery

Lost Device Recovery: A Crucial Element of Cybersecurity and Antivirus..In today’s digital age, the majority of us are surrounded by technology on a daily basis. We store our most important documents, family photos, banking...   Read More


The term "lurk" has and continues to have a ubiquitous presence in the field of cybersecurity and antivirus. The concept of lurk has evolved over the years, going from a basic definition of stealthily waiting or observing without...   Read More

Location services control

Location services control is a feature that enables users to turn on or off the location-sharing functions of various devices and applications. With the advent of mobile devices like smartphones and tablets, location-based...   Read More

Linux Rescue Disk

In today's age of technology, cybersecurity has become more important than ever before. With new threats and vulnerabilities being discovered every day, it is of utmost importance that we have reliable defenses to protect...   Read More

Loss Functions

Loss functions are one of the essential components of machine learning and deep learning algorithms used in cybersecurity and antivirus applications. In the simplest terms, they are mathematical constructs that measure how well a...   Read More

Linear Regression

Linear Regression is a statistical technique used for modeling relationships between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. The aim of the regression is to predict the value of the dependent variable based on...   Read More

Logistic Regression

Logistic Regression in the Context of Cybersecurity and Antivirus..Logistic regression is a statistical model that is used to predict binary outcomes, that is, outcomes that can be represented as a "yes" or "no," "positive" or...   Read More

Low CPU usage

In the world of cyber security and antivirus, the term "Low CPU usage" refers to the amount of processor capacity that is being utilized by a software program. The CPU, or Central Processing Unit, is the brain of a computer and...   Read More

Low system impact

Low system impact refers to the level of effect or influence that a software application has on the performance and functionality of a computer system. In cybersecurity and antivirus contexts, low system impact is a crucial...   Read More

License verification

In today's technology-driven world, cybersecurity and antivirus measures have become a necessity. One of the key aspects of ensuring security and safety is the process of license verification. License verification is the process...   Read More


One of the most important terms is "loader." At its core, a loader refers to any piece of software that is responsible for executing other pieces of code or programs. These loaders can either be standalone applications or they...   Read More


LNK files, or more formally known as Windows Shortcut files, are important files within the Windows operating system that allow users to execute a variety of actions and commands in a quick and efficient manner. they have also...   Read More

Lost credit cards

Losing a credit card can be a harrowing experience. The implications of lost debit and credit cards are well-known: they can lead to fraudulent charges and identity theft, both of which can significantly damage a financial...   Read More

Least privilege access

One of the most important principles in cybersecurity is least privilege access. This principle requires that each user or process is granted the minimum necessary level of access required to perform a specific...   Read More

Login alerts

As cyber threats continue to evolve and expand, cybersecurity has become a critical issue for individuals and businesses alike. One of the measures that can be implemented as part of a security strategy is login alerts, a feature...   Read More

Link scanning

Cybersecurity is no longer an optional luxury, but a critical business requirement. With more people relying on the internet to communicate and store their valuable information, link scanning has become a critical tool in...   Read More


In cybersecurity and antivirus technology, one of the key technical mechanisms that enables efficient and effective data compression and decompression, as well as detection of attacks and viruses, is the LZ77 algorithm...LZ77...   Read More


LZW is a lossless data compression technique used in cybersecurity algorithms to compress and decompress data. The compression algorithm applies a particular dictionary-based scheme that produces a file size that is more compact...   Read More

Lossless Compression

In the rapidly expanding digital landscape, cybersecurity is becoming an ever more pivotal concern. From individuals to businesses, everyone is seeking viable and cost-effective solutions to protect their digital...   Read More

Lossy Compression

What is Lossy Compression?..Lossy compression is a data compression method in which data is discarded to decrease its size. Unlike lossless compression, which preserves the original data, lossy compression enables compressing...   Read More

Low Impact

"Low Impact" in the context of cybersecurity and antivirus refers to the minimal amount of resources an antivirus software uses while still providing optimal protection to users' devices. Low impact antivirus software does not...   Read More

License validation

License validation is an essential component of cybersecurity and antivirus software that ensures legitimacy and proper functioning of the antivirus program, guaranteeing user protection against a broad range of cyber threats...   Read More

Location Services

Location services is a feature commonly found in mobile communication devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, fitness trackers, and other Internet of Things (IoT) devices capable of using Global Positioning System (GPS)....   Read More


Likejacking is a type of cyber attack employed by criminals to spread spam messages across social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram. When an attacker hijacks an account, they can manipulate the user's 'like'...   Read More

Lost Files

Cybersecurity is becoming an increasingly important aspect of our daily lives. As more and more individuals and businesses rely on digital data, the need for effective cybersecurity measures to safeguard this data against...   Read More

Lost Wallet Assistance

As the world progresses and technology becomes more accessible, online activities are increasing daily. In the same breath, the rate of cybercrimes, including cyber fraud and identity theft, is also escalating,...   Read More

Log monitoring and analysis

Log monitoring and analysis is an essential part of cybersecurity and antivirus strategies, providing critical insights into the actions of users and other system components in real-time. The process involves collecting and...   Read More


Linux is an open-source operating system that has gained significant attention in the cybersecurity world. Although it is not as popular as Windows or MacOS, Linux provides several security benefits, offering robust customization...   Read More

Linux Ubuntu

Linux Ubuntu is an open-source operating system based on Debian Linux, which has rapidly gained popularity since its release in 2004, due to its robustness, reliability, and ease of use. While many people may view Ubuntu as a...   Read More

Linux Mint

Linux Mint is an open source, freely available operating system that is based on the Ubuntu distribution of the Linux system. It started in 2006 and is designed to be user-friendly to even beginners, making use of an intuitive...   Read More


Laptops have become an integral part of our daily lives, allowing us to work, play, and stay connected on the go. however, laptops can also pose serious risks if not properly secured. This article will explore what laptops are,...   Read More

Limit Access to Online Game Communities

Online gaming has become a popular entertainment activity worldwide. While online gaming can be enjoyable and fulfilling, it can also pose potential risks to cybersecurity. Developing strong cybersecurity measures, such as...   Read More

Limit Access to Social Networking

As technology advances further and further, we ultimately become more interconnected and intertwined with each other both personally and business-related. As an unprecedented shift has gradually progressed, particularly in the...   Read More

Limit Access to Instant Messaging

Limiting access to instant messaging is an essential practice for individuals and organizations that aim to strengthen cybersecurity and prevent virus-related cyberattacks. Instant messaging (IM) applications offer quick and...   Read More

Latest version

The rapid development of technology has increased the risk of data breaches and other malicious attacks which have led to the need for better cybersecurity. Cybersecurity involves the protection of digital assets (such as data,...   Read More

Link Analysis

Link analysis is a powerful technique used in cybersecurity, particularly for identification and prevention of potential cyber-attacks and malware. The technique boils down to creating a thorough network graph to visualize...   Read More

Limited time offer

A limited time offer is a promotional tactic used in the marketing industry where a product or a service is made available at a discounted price or with additional benefits for a set period of time. The primary aim of this tactic...   Read More

License upgrade

License upgrade is a crucial aspect of cybersecurity and antivirus protection, enabling users to enhance their security features and extend the capabilities of their existing products. It involves updating or renewing the license...   Read More

License downgrade

License downgrade is a process in cybersecurity that permits organizations to decrease the number of security licenses that a vendor offers in their cybersecurity application or software. Understanding license downgrade is...   Read More

Login security

Login security refers to the measures taken to protect the authentication process through which an individual gains access to a computer system, network, or online service. The aim is to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive...   Read More

License Information

License Information is a critical aspect by which the software developer manages the distribution of the software licenses to different users. License Information defines the rules and restrictions that apply to the usage and...   Read More

License agreement

A license agreement is an important legal document that specifies the terms and conditions governing the use of antivirus software. A license agreement is typically included with the software and is a legally binding contract...   Read More


What is L2TP?..L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol) is a type of VPN (Virtual Private Network) protocol used to create a secure and encrypted connection between two or more devices. It was developed jointly by Microsoft and Cisco...   Read More

Lost device locator

Lost device locator is a feature incorporated in cybersecurity and antivirus programs that helps users locate their lost or stolen devices. This feature is quite useful in today's society, where smartphones, laptops, and other...   Read More

Lower resource consumption

Lower resource consumption in the context of cybersecurity and antivirus refers to the ability of security software to perform effectively without using excessive amounts of computer resources that slow down the system's...   Read More

Low-latency network traffic

With the increasing volume of data generated and transmitted across networks, many organizations face the challenge of ensuring high-speed networks that transmit data with minimal latency while also maintaining...   Read More


L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol) and IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) are two security protocols that are often used together to create a secure and private connection between two devices on the internet. They provide a...   Read More

Low resource usage

In the context of cybersecurity and antivirus software, low resource usage refers to a software’s ability to operate without significantly drawing on a computer's central processing unit (CPU) or memory. Antivirus programs are...   Read More

Low latency

Low latency refers to the speed at which a system or application processes data, specifically the time it takes for that processing to occur. low latency plays a crucial role in ensuring the timely detection and prevention of...   Read More

Live Chat

Live Chat is a component of many cybersecurity and antivirus company’s websites, which allows customers and potential customers to chat instantly with a company representative. The feature has become increasingly popular in...   Read More


Cybersecurity has become a significant concern in the modern digital era where everything, from finance to personal information, is uploaded and accessed online. Despite the advancements in cybersecurity efforts to protect...   Read More

Low memory usage

Low memory usage refers to the ability of a digital system or program to use the minimum possible amount of memory required to operate efficiently. Memory is one of the most essential components of any device, and...   Read More

Low disk usage

Low disk usage, in the context of cybersecurity and antivirus, refers to the amount of computer storage space that is being used by an individual program or multiple programs. With the increasing importance of data protection and...   Read More

Low power consumption

Low power consumption refers to the amount of energy that an electronic device uses while it operates at a low or energy-efficient level. The purpose of low power consumption is to reduce energy consumption in electronic devices...   Read More

Low impact on battery life

As technology continues to advance, our reliance on electronic devices grows increasingly stronger. We carry smartphones, laptops, and tablets everywhere, dependent on the access they provide and the constant connection to the...   Read More

Log Out All Devices

Log Out All Devices is a security feature that is employed by many online platforms and services to enhance the security of user accounts. In simple terms, it means that all devices that have ever been logged in to a particular...   Read More

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